In the 1980s, a newer style of R&B developed, becoming known as "contemporary R&B".

It combines rhythm and blues with elements of pop, soul, funk, hip hop, and electronic music.

The genre features a distinctive record production style, drum machine-backed rhythms, pitch corrected vocals, and a smooth, lush style of vocal arrangement. Electronic influences are becoming an increasing trend and the use of hip hop or dance-inspired beats are typical, although the roughness and grit inherent in hip hop may be reduced and smoothed out.

 

Contemporary R&B vocalists are often known for their use of melisma, popularized by vocalists such as Michael Jackson

R. KellyCraig DavidStevie WonderWhitney Houston and Mariah Carey

Popular R&B vocalists at the end of the 20th century included Prince, R. Kelly, Stevie Wonder,

 Chaka Khan, Michael Jackson, Whitney HoustonMariah Carey and Kesha.

 

In the 21st century, R&B has remained a popular genre becoming more pop orientated and alternatively influenced with successful artists including Usher, Bruno Mars, Chris Brown, Khalid, Robin Thicke, The Weeknd, and Mark Ronson

 

Hip Hop music, also called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans in the Bronx borough of New York City in the 1970s.

 

It consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. 

 

It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rappingDJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, and graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records (or synthesized beats and sounds), and rhythmic beatboxing.

 

While often used to refer solely to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture

The term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, including DJing, turntablism, scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks.

 

Rapping (or rhyming, spitting, emceeing, MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular", which is performed or chanted in a variety of ways, usually over a backing beat or musical accompaniment. 

 

The components of rap include "content" (what is being said), "flow" (rhythmrhyme), and "delivery" (cadence, tone). Rap differs from spoken-word poetry in that rap is usually performed in time to an instrumental track.

 

Rap is often associated with, and is a primary ingredient of hip-hop music, but the origins of the phenomenon predate hip-hopculture. The earliest precursor to the modern rap is the West African griot tradition, in which "oral historians", or "praise-singers", would disseminate oral traditions and genealogies, or use their formidable rhetorical techniques for gossip or to "praise or critique individuals."

 

Griot traditions connect to rap along a lineage of Black verbal reverence that goes back to ancient Egyptian practices, through James Brown interacting with the crowd and the band between songs, to Muhammad Ali's quick-witted verbal taunts and the palpitating poems of the Last Poets

 

Therefore, rap lyrics and music are part of the "Black rhetorical continuum", and aim to reuse elements of past traditions while expanding upon them through "creative use of language and rhetorical styles and strategies. The person credited with originating the style of "delivering rhymes over extensive music",that would become known as rap, was Anthony "DJ Hollywood" Holloway from Harlem, New York.

Rap is usually delivered over a beat, typically provided by a DJturntablistbeatboxer, or performed a cappella without accompaniment. Stylistically, rap occupies a gray area between speech, prose, poetry, and singing. The word, which predates the musical form, originally meant "to lightly strike", and is now used to describe quick speech or repartee. 

Rap differs from spoken-word poetry in that rap is usually performed in time to an instrumental track.

Rap is usually delivered over a beat, typically provided by a DJ, turntablist, beatboxer, or performed a cappella without accompaniment. Stylistically, rap occupies a gray area between speech, prose, poetry, and singing.

 

The word, which predates the musical form, originally meant "to lightly strike", and is now used to describe quick speech or repartee. The word had been used in British English since the 16th century. It was part of the African American dialect of English in the 1960s meaning "to converse", and very soon after that in its present usage as a term denoting the musical style.

 

 Today, the term rap is so closely associated with hip-hop music that many writers use the terms interchangeably.

Urban contemporary, also known as urban pop, or just Urban, is a music radio format. The term was coined by New York radio DJ Frankie Crocker in the early to mid-1970s.

 

Urban contemporary radio stations feature a playlist made up entirely of genres such as R&Bpop-rapBritish R&Bquiet stormadult contemporaryhip hopLatin music such as Latin Pops, Chicano R&B, Chicano Rap, and Caribbean music such as Reggae. Urban contemporary was developed through the characteristics of genres such as R&B and soul.

 

Urban contemporary includes the more contemporary elements of R&B and may incorporate production elements found in Urban Pop, Urban Euro-Pop, Urban Rock, and Urban Alternative"

 

Reggaeton (also known as reggaetón and reguetón) is a music style which originated in Puerto Rico during the late 1990s.

 

It is influenced by American hip hopLatin American, and Caribbean music.

Vocals include rapping and singing, typically in Spanish.

Reggaeton is regarded as one of the most popular music genres in the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, in countries including Puerto RicoPanamaDominican RepublicCubaColombia and Venezuela.

 

Over the past decade, the genre has seen increased popularity across Latin America, as well as acceptance within mainstream Western music.

 

Electronic dance music (EDM), also known as dance music, club music, or simply dance, is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubsraves and festivals.

 

It is generally produced for playback by disc jockeys who create seamless selections of tracks, called a mix by segueing from one recording to another. 

 

EDM producers also perform their music live in a concert or festival setting in what is sometimes called a live PA.

In Europe, EDM is more commonly called 'dance music', or simply 'dance'.

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